The Snowplow Unified Log is stored in an S3 bucket and you is required to write an IAM policy to grant Indicative programmatic access to the respective S3 bucket.
If there are additional enrichments required, such as joining with user property tables or deriving custom user_ids, please contact us.
To connect your real time Snowplow data to Indicative, follow the instructions below:
1. In Indicative, click on Settings and select Data Sources.
2. Click New Data Source.
3. Select Snowplow Kinesis.
4. Click Next. You will need to use this API Key in step 4 of Create the Lamda Function
Create an IAM Role for the Lambda
Your AWS Lambda needs to have an Execution Role that allows it to use the Kinesis Stream and CloudWatch. (For more information on setting up IAM Roles, please see the official AWS tutorial.)
1. Go to IAM Management in the Console and choose Roles from the sidebar.
2. Click Create role.
3. For the type of trusted entity select AWS Service and for the service that will use this role choose Lambda. Click Next: Permissions at the bottom of the screen.
4. Now you need to choose a permission policy for the role. The Lambda needs to have read access to Kinesis and write access to CloudWatch logs - for that we will choose AWSLambdaKinesisExecutionRole. Search for AWSLambdaKinesisExecutionRole in the search and mark the checkbox as shown below.
5. Click Next:Review at the bottom of the screen.
6. On the next screen provide a name for the newly created role under Role Name, then click Create role to finish the process.
Create the Lambda Function
The Lambda function can be created either directly through AWS Console or through other tools like the AWS CLI. For this integration, the recommended memory setting is 256 MB and because the JVM has to cold start when the function is called for the first time on a new instance, you should set a high timeout value; 90 seconds should be safe.
As with the IAM Role, we will be using the AWS Console to get our Lambda function up and running. Make sure you are in the same region as where your Kinesis streams are defined.
1. On the Console navigate to the Lambda section and click Create a function (runtime should be Java 8).
2. Write a name for your function in Name. In the Role dropdown pick Choose an existing role; then in the dropdown below choose the name of the role you created in the previous step. Click Create function.
3. The Lambda has been created, although it does not do anything yet. We need to provide the code and configure the function:
a. Take a look at the Function code box. In the Handler textbox paste: com.snowplowanalytics.indicative.LambdaHandler::recordHandler
b. From the Code entry type dropdown pick Upload a file from Amazon S3. A textbox labeled S3 Link URL will appear. We are hosting the code through our hosted assets. You will need to choose the S3 bucket in the same region as your AWS Lambda function: for example if your Lambda is us-east-1 region, paste the following URL: s3://snowplow-hosted-assets-us-east-1/relays/indicative/indicative-relay-0.4.0.jar in the textbox. Take a look at this table to pick the right bucket name for your region. Make sure Runtime is Java 8.
4. Get the API Key from step 4 from the Indicative UI.
5. Below Function code settings you will find a section called Environment variables.
a. In the first row, first column (the key), type INDICATIVE_API_KEY. In the second column (the value), paste your API Key.
b. The relay lets you configure the following filters:
- UNUSED_EVENTS: events that will not be relayed to Indicative;
- UNUSED_ATOMIC_FIELDS: fields of the canonical Snowplow event that will not be relayed to Indicative;
- UNUSED_CONTEXTS: contexts whose fields will not be relayed to Indicative.
Out of the box, the relay is configured to use the following defaults:
|Unused events||Unused atomic fields||Unused contexts|
To change the defaults, you can pass in your own lists of events, atomic fields or contexts to be filtered out. For example:
|Environment variable key||Environment variable value|
Similarly to setting up the API key, the first column (key) needs to be set to the specified environment variable name in ALLCAPS. The second column (value) is your own list as a comma-separated string with no spaces.
If you only specify the environment variable name but do not provide a list of values, then nothing will be filtered out.
If you do not set any of the environment variables, the defaults will be used.
6. Scroll down a bit and take a look at the Basic settings box. There you can set memory and timeout limits for the Lambda. As mentioned earlier, we recommend setting 256 MB of memory or higher (on AWS Lambda the CPU performance scales linearly with the amount of memory) and a high timeout time of 1 minute 30 seconds.
7. As final step, add your Snowplow enriched Kinesis stream as an event source for the Lambda function. You can follow the official AWS tutorial if you are using AWS CLI or do it directly from the AWS Console using the following instructions. Scroll to the top of the page and from the list of triggers in the Designer configuration up top, choose Kinesis.
Take a look at the Configure triggers section which just appeared below. Choose your Kinesis stream that contains Snowplow enriched events. Set the batch size to your liking - 100 is a reasonable setting. Note that this a maximum batch size, the function can be triggered with fewer records. For the starting position we recommend Trim horizon, which starts processing the stream from an observable start (Alternatively, you can select At timestamp to start sending data from a particular date). Click the Add button to finish the trigger configuration. Make sure Enable trigger is selected.
8. Save the changes by clicking the Save button in the top-right part of the page.